How to acknowledge various resources (e.g., observatories, data repositories) in your papers, talks, etc.

Need to add NSF AST and NASA language.


"This research has made use of NASA's Astrophysics Data System."

SIMBAD Astronomical Database

"This research has made use of the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France."

All Mauna Kea observatories

"The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community.  We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain."  -- WMKO


"(Some of) The data presented herein were obtained at the W.M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W.M. Keck Foundation." -- WMKO

In addition, we encourage all users of WMKO facility instruments to cite the appropriate reference for that instrument in the body of any published scientific paper. Links here: WMKO


"Visiting Astronomer at the Infrared Telescope Facility, which is operated by the University of Hawaii under Cooperative Agreement no. NNX-08AE38A with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Science Mission Directorate, Planetary Astronomy Program."

If IRTF facility instruments have been used (CSHELL, NSFCAM or SpeX), the instrument paper must be cited. The citation can be found on the relevant instrument webpage.


Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained " rel="">from the Data Archive at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. These observations are associated with program # .


"This paper includes data gathered with the 6.5 meter Magellan Telescopes located at Las Campanas Observatory, Chile."


"Observations reported here were obtained at the MMT Observatory, a joint facility of the University of Arizona and the Smithsonian Institution."


"All/some of the observations reported in this paper were obtained with the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT)"

Additional information to include in the pape is available here


"This research has made use of the AstroBetter blog and wiki."



Different facilities (KPNO/CTIO/WIYN/SMARTS/Archival Data/Community time through non-NOAO facilities) have different acknowledgements. The full list is maintained here:



"The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc."

Submillimeter Array (SMA)

"The Submillimeter Array is a joint project between the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics and is funded by the Smithsonian Institution and the Academia Sinica."


"Funding for the SDSS and SDSS-II has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Japanese Monbukagakusho, the Max Planck Society, and the Higher Education Funding Council for England. The SDSS Web Site is http://www.sdss.org/.

The SDSS is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions. The Participating Institutions are the American Museum of Natural History, Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, University of Basel, University of Cambridge, Case Western Reserve University, University of Chicago, Drexel University, Fermilab, the Institute for Advanced Study, the Japan Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, the Korean Scientist Group, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (LAMOST), Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), the Max-Planck-Institute for Astrophysics (MPA), New Mexico State University, Ohio State University, University of Pittsburgh, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the United States Naval Observatory, and the University of Washington."


"Funding for SDSS-III has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. The SDSS-III web site is http://www.sdss3.org/.

SDSS-III is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS-III Collaboration including the University of Arizona, the Brazilian Participation Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Florida, the French Participation Group, the German Participation Group, Harvard University, the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, the Michigan State/Notre Dame/JINA Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, New Mexico State University, New York University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the Spanish Participation Group, University of Tokyo, University of Utah, Vanderbilt University, University of Virginia, University of Washington, and Yale University."


"This research has made use of the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED) which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration."


"We acknowledge with thanks the variable star observations from the AAVSO International Database contributed by observers worldwide and used in this research." 

(This is the general acknowledgement, but see the full data usage policy for variations relating to exactly what kind of data is used.)


"Funding for the DEEP2 Galaxy Redshift Survey has been provided by NSF grants AST-95-09298, AST-0071048, AST-0507428, and AST-0507483 as well as NASA LTSA grant NNG04GC89G."

(Plus the Keck acknowledgement given above.)

DEEP2 DEIMOS pipelines:

"Funding for the DEEP2/DEIMOS pipelines has been provided by NSF grant AST-0071048.  The DEIMOS spectrograph was funded by grants from CARA (Keck Observatory) and UCO/Lick Observatory, a NSF Facilities and Infrastructure grant (ARI92-14621), the Center for Particle Astrophysics, and by gifts from Sun Microsystems and the Quantum Corporation."

Papers using DEEP2 data or the DEEP2 team DEIMOS pipelines should cite Newman et al. 2012 (http://arxiv.org/abs/1203.3192); for use of the pipeline, citation of Cooper et al. 2012


This publication utilizes data from Galactic ALFA HI (GALFA HI) survey data set obtained with the Arecibo L-band Feed Array (ALFA) on the Arecibo 305m telescope. Arecibo Observatory is part of the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, which is operated by Cornell University under Cooperative Agreement with the U.S. National Science Foundation. The GALFA HI surveys are funded by the NSF through grants to Columbia University, the University of Wisconsin, and the University of California.
Please also cite the following reference describing the survey procedure and data processing:Peek, J.E.G., Heiles, C., Douglas, K.A., et al. (2011). The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, 194(2), 20. 


"The Millennium Simulation databases used in this paper and the web application providing online access to them were constructed as part of the activities of the German Astrophysical Virtual Observatory (GAVO)." 

(replace "Millennium" with "Millennium-II" or add "Millennium-II" if appropriate) 


The LBT is an international collaboration among institutions in the United States, Italy and Germany. The LBT Corporation partners are: The University of Arizona on behalf of the Arizona university system; Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Italy;  LBT Beteiligungsgesellschaft, Germany, representing the Max Planck Society, the Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, and Heidelberg University; The Ohio State University; The Research Corporation, on behalf of The University of Notre Dame, University of Minnesota and University of Virginia.


"This research has made use of NASA's Astrophysics Data System Bibliographic Services."


"All publications based on ESO data should carry the following footnote:

All users of data from the ESO Science Archive Facility are required to acknowledge the source of the data with an appropriate citation in their publications in the form:

Based on data obtained from the ESO Science Archive Facility under request number

where is the archive user name of the requester.

Alternatively, users can also cite the ESO programme ID given to all successful proposals in the form:

Based on observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programme ID .

where the . (period.category-number) is the ID of the ESO observing programme.

Users of the LABOCA instrument at APEX are required to acknowledge the use of calibration observations when these were obtained during the time allocated to another of the APEX partners (the Max-Planck Institut fuer Radioastronomie and the Onsala Space Observatory) or to Chile as host country."


"When publishing a paper using XMM-Newton data please include the following text, preferably as a footnote to the title:

'Based on observations obtained with XMM-Newton, an ESA science mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States and NASA'. "


"The scientific results reported in this article are based " rel="">if applicable: in part or to a significant degree on observations made by the Chandra X-ray Observatory for articles by the PI team, data obtained from the Chandra Data Archive for articles based on archival data, observations made by the Chandra X-ray Observatory and published previously in cited articles for articles based on published results."

Hinode (Solar-B)

When you publish your work on Hinode data, we would like to ask you to acknowledge the Hinode mission as follows:
"Hinode is a Japanese mission developed and launched by ISAS/JAXA, with NAOJ as domestic partner and NASA and UKSA as international partners. It is operated by these agencies in co-operation with ESA and NSC (Norway)."
We would be grateful if you could place more detailed acknowledgement:
"Hinode is a Japanese mission developed and launched by ISAS/JAXA, collaborating with NAOJ as a domestic partner, NASA and UKSA as international partners. Scientific operation of the Hinode mission is conducted by the Hinode science team organized at ISAS/JAXA. This team mainly consists of scientists from institutes in the partner countries. Support for the post-launch operation is provided by JAXA and NAOJ (Japan), UKSA (U.K.), NASA, ESA, and NSC (Norway)."

Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS)

"IRIS is a NASA small explorer mission developed and operated by LMSAL with mission operations executed at NASA Ames Research center and major contributions to downlink communications funded by ESA and the Norwegian Space Centre."


This research made use of Astropy, a community-developed core Python package for Astronomy (Astropy Collaboration, 2013).
where (Astropy Collaboration, 2013) is a citation to this paper.


This research made use of APLpy, an open-source plotting package for Python hosted at http://aplpy.github.com
If you are using APLpy 0.9.9 or later, please also include the acknowledgment for the Astropy package, since it is used heavily as a dependency.
Page last modified on Tuesday 29 of March, 2016 18:43:51 EDT