AstroBetter Job Search posts- Mostly posts with links to relevant articles. A little digging will be required.
- AAS Job Register- New ads posted daily.
- European Astronomical Society Job List - Some positions are only advertised here, not in the AAS list because the EAS job register is free for members.
- Physics Today Jobs - General physics positions, often open for astrophysicists.
- International List of Jobs - Comprehensive list of international resources.
- Astrophysics Job Rumor Mill Wiki (postdocs page, faculty-staff page)
- Jobs for Astronomers Facebook group
- Postdoc Conference and Career Fair - For job seekers in STEM fields
- Creating and Maintaining Your CV - ProfHacker article with great advice and links to lots of resources.
- Nicely formatted resumes in Latex
- Beautiful LaTeX templates
- Pages Resume Templates
- Kelle's CV Pages' Template
- Why Your Job Cover Letter Sucks (and what you can do to fix it)
- How to Identify Yourself as a Diversity Hire
Books and Other Resources
-  Guidelines for Academic Job Search - Very useful document from Stanford on the process of going from a graduate student to a postdoc. Read this about 6 months before you start applying for jobs. Jessica recommends.
- Academeology by Female Science Professor. $6 download. Janeand Kelle recommend.
- Making the Right Moves: A practical guide to scientific management for postdocs and new faculty, by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.
- Landing an Academic Job: The process and the pitfalls(PDF), by Jonathan Dantzig.
- Advice to Rocket Scientists: A Career Survival Guide for Scientists and Engineersby Jim Longuski. Jane recommends.
- Tomorrow's Professor: Preparing for Careers in Science and Engineeringby Richard Reis. Jane recommends.
- The Academic Job Search Handbookby Heiberger and Vick. Kellerecommends.
- Hunting for Jobs at Liberal Arts Collegesby Kane and Laws, Physics Today, Nov 2006.
- Paths from Academics to Employment- PDFs of presentations given at APS Meeting. Includes Aiming for Professorship at a Research University and Teaching and Research at Undergraduate Institutions.
- Put Your Science to Work: The take-charge career guide for scientistsby Peter Fiske. How to find non-academic jobs, when you've been trained as an academic.
- The path less travelled- The academic track is riddled with risks, yet most still believe it to be the safest career route for the devoted scientist. Andrea Schweitzer suggests a different way.
- Paths from Academics to Employment- PDFs of presentations given at APS Meeting. Includes Industry Job Hunting for PhDs and Government Positions for Physicists
- Best Practices for Educating Students about Non-Academic Jobs